Counseling Skills

Counseling skills are soft (interpersonal) and hard (technical) attributes that a counselor puts to use in order to best help their clients work through personal issues and overcome obstacles that are currently preventing them from living a full and happy life.

1.1. Background Information
Counseling psychology is a psychological specialty that encompasses research and applied for work in several broad domains: counseling process and outcome; supervision and training; career development and counseling; and prevention and health.

Some unifying themes among counseling psychologists include a focus on assets and strengths, person-environment interactions, educational and career development, brief interactions, and a focus on intact personalities. In the United States, the premier scholarly journals of the profession are the Journal of Counseling Psychology and The Counseling Psychologist. In the U.S., counseling psychology programs are accredited by the American
Psychological Association (APA), while counseling programs are accredited through the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP).

To become licensed as a counseling psychologist, one must meet the criteria for licensure as a psychologist. This includes a 4-7 year doctoral degree post-bachelors, 1-year full-time internship, including 3,000 hours of
supervised experience and exams. Both doctoral-level counseling psychologists and doctoral level counselors can perform both applied work, as well as research and teaching. Counseling psychologists are employed in a variety of settings depending on the services they provide and the client populations they serve. Some are employed in colleges and universities as teachers, supervisors, researchers, and service

Others are employed in independent practice providing counseling, psychotherapy; assessment; and consultation services to individuals, couples and families, groups, and organizations. Additional settings in which counseling psychologists practice include community mental health centers, Veterans Administration Medical Centers and other facilities, family services, health maintenance organizations, rehabilitation agencies, business and industrial organizations and consulting within firms. In 2012, the median salary for U.S. counseling psychologists was $67,650.

September 8, 2021
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